The Anatomy of the Ear : About Hearing | HEARRING

The Outer Ear

  • Pinna (auricle): collects and funnels sound into the ear canal
  • Ear canal (external auditory meatus): directs sound into the ear

The Middle Ear

  • Eardrum (tympanic membrane): changes sound into vibrations
  • Ossicles: hammer, anvil and stirrup (malleus, incus and stapes). This chain of three small bones transfers vibrations to the inner ear

The Inner Ear

  • Cochlea: contains fluid and highly sensitive hair cells that move with sound vibrations
  • Vestibular system: contains cells that control balance
  • Auditory nerve: leads from the cochlea to the brain
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